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  • Uskollinen kotimaalleni, Puolan tasavallalle

     

  • POLISH CITIZENSHIP AND PASSPORT

  • Legal basis:

     

    - Law of 13th July 2006 on Passports (O. J. of 2013, item 268,  as amended)

    - Law of 2nd April 2009 on Citizenship (O. J. of 2012, item 161, as amended)

    - Law of 28th November 2014 on Acts of Civil Status (O. J. item 1741)

     

    Please note that the information presented below is simplified for the use of Polish consular procedures and does not serve as a source of the Polish binding law.

     

    1. General information

    Polish citizenship may be acquired in following ways:

     

    • by law ie. mainly by birth (when one of the parents is a Polish citizen the child acquires the Polish citizenship by law),
    • granted by the President of the Republic of Poland,
    • by recognition as a Polish citizen (applied only to some categories of persons residing in Poland),
    • by restoring (applied to some categories of former Polish citizens who renounced the Polish citizenship before 1st January 1999).

    Polish citizenship may be confirmed by a Polish passport or ID (dowód osobisty) within the period of its validity. In order to confirm a Polish citizenship of a person who does not have a valid Polish passport or ID it is required to apply for a decision confirming this fact   (potwierdzenie posiadania obywatelstwa polskiego) issued by the voivode, ie. by the local governor in Poland (see below point 2.2).

    Polish passport may be issued to a person who (1) has a Polish citizenship, (2) has Polish birth and/or marriage certificate and (3) number of Polish population evidence system (PESEL).   

     

    1. Polish citizenship

    Please register your visit at the consulate via an appropriate IT system (https://www.e-konsulat.gov.pl). Only registered persons are served.

     

    2.1 Granting Polish citizenship (by the President of the Republic).

     

    An application for granting the Polish citizenship may be submitted at the consulate by persons living in Finland. The application is extended by law to the applicant’s child in case the applicant is the only parent with the parental authority or if another parent approves granting the Polish citizenship to the child. If the child is elder than 16, his or her consent is also required.

     

    A person applying for the Polish citizenship should:

     

    1.  submit the application (available only in Polish): http://www.helsinki.msz.gov.pl/resource/0d8b984e-ac3c-4ba3-9614-510c9d078102:JCR) with one colour passport photo,
    2. attach the documents confirming information mentioned in the application, ie:
      • foreigner’s personal data (e. g. passport),
      • information on political, social and professional activity as well as on sources of maintenance,
      • information regarding the Polish citizenship (if applicable – whether the person used to hold the Polish citizenship and in which circumstances it was lost) and other citizenships the applicant holds,
      • parents’ and other relatives’ in the ascending line data (if they were Polish citizens),
      • spouse’s data.

    The document confirming identity of a person is passport; moreover, a person applying for Polish citizenship shall submit Polish birth certificate (and – if applicable – Polish marriage certificate);

     

    1. in case of an application extended to minors – attach the documents confirming their identity (ie. passports and Polish birth certificates) and their colour passport photos; in this case an approval for applying for the Polish citizenship, expressed in person by the other parent or guardian of the child is required;
    2. pay the consular fee (360 EUR).  

    Please note: We do not accept payments by card.

     

    Please note: All submitted documents shall be translated by a Polish sworn translator or by the Polish consul. The consular fee for translation is 30 EUR (for documents regarding civil status and other documents whose content is repeatable – per document) or 90 EUR (for other documents – per page).

     

    The President of the Republic issues decisions on granting or refusing the Polish citizenship. The information on the decision undertaken by the President – and, thereafter, the decision itself – is delivered to the applicant via consul. It is important to underline that due to its legal frameworks the procedure in question may be time-consuming.

     

    Please note: As a rule, all persons applying for a decision of a Polish administrative authority who do not reside in the Polish territory shall indicate an attorney for delivery of official letters sent by the Polish authorities. The attorney in question can be either a person or a company with a residence or seat in the Polish territory.   

     

    2.2 Confirming the Polish citizenship

     

    Please register your visit at the consulate via an appropriate IT system (https://www.e-konsulat.gov.pl). Only registered persons are served.

     

    The described procedure is the only official way to confirm the fact that a person holds a Polish citizenship in case he/she does not possess a valid Polish passport or Polish ID (dowód osobisty). The competent organ for this procedure is the voivode of the last place of residence in Poland or – in case the applicant has never lived in Poland – the voivode of Mazowieckie (wojewoda mazowiecki).

     

    A person applying for the confirmation of the Polish citizenship should:

     

    1. lodge the application (available only in Polish: http://www.helsinki.msz.gov.pl/resource/07051044-364f-412b-8315-0916d8ecf6d4:JCR),
    2. attach all documents confirming the information mentioned in the application,
    3. pay the consular fee (80 EUR).

    Please note: We do not accept payments by card.

     

    Please note: All submitted documents shall be translated by a Polish sworn translator or the Polish consul. The consular fee for translation is 30 EUR (for documents regarding civil status and other documents whose content is repeatable – per document) or 90 EUR (for other documents – per page).

     

    As a rule, all persons applying for a decision of a Polish administrative authority who do not reside in the Polish territory shall indicate an attorney for delivery of official letters sent by the Polish authorities. The attorney in question can be either a person or a company with a residence or seat in the Polish territory.  

     

    1. Polish acts of a civil status and the Polish evidence number (PESEL)

    Please register your visit at the consulate via an appropriate IT system (https://www.e-konsulat.gov.pl). Only registered persons are served.

     

    3.1 Polish birth certificate

     

    A person applying for a Polish birth certificate should:

     

    1. lodge an application (available only in Polish: http://www.helsinki.msz.gov.pl/resource/f21a10b1-9af8-41b3-9f50-9c0a78057518:JCR),
    2. submit an extract from the Finnish population evidence system (ote väestötietojärjestelmästä, eng.: extract from the population information system in Finland) containing the personal data – with an appostille and official translation into Polish prepared by the Polish or Finnish authorized translator or by the Polish consul,
    3. present the passport or ID,
    4. pay the consular fee (50 EUR; including the translation prepared by the consul – 80 EUR).

      Please note: We do not accept payments by card.

     

    The same requirements regard a Polish birth certificate issued for a child. However, in this case the parents’ passports or IDs and – if parents are not married – their Polish birth certificates are also needed.

     

    The lodged documents are sent to the competent Polish civil registry office and – once the birth certificate is ready – sent back to the consulate. The procedure in question usually lasts up to 1,5 months.

     

    3.2  Polish marriage certificate

     

    Please register your visit at the consulate via an appropriate IT system (https://www.e-konsulat.gov.pl). Only registered persons are served.

     

    In case a person applying for a Polish passport is married and his/her surname is different from the surname used before the marriage the person is obliged to present a Polish marriage act while submitting the passport application.

     

     A person applying for a Polish marriage certificate should:

     

    1. lodge an application (available only in Polish: http://www.helsinki.msz.gov.pl/resource/70aab608-db66-40b4-921d-ed75b416309b:JCR),
    2. submit an extract from the Finnish population evidence system (ote väestötietojärjestelmästä, eng.: extract from the population information system in Finland) containing the spouses’ data, the place and date of marriage as well as information on their surnames used after the marriage; in case the extract does not contain this information it is required to attach the marriage certificate (vihkimistodistus). Both documents should be presented with an appostille affixed to them and should be translated officially into Polish by a Polish or Finnish authorized translator or by the Polish consul,
    3. present the spouse’s passports or ID,
    4. pay the consular fee (50 EUR; or if including the translation prepared by the consul – 80 EUR, in case of translation of the extract and vihkimistodistus – 110 EUR).

      Please note: We do not accept payments by card.

     

    The lodged documents are sent to the competent Polish civil registry office and – once the marriage certificate is ready – sent back to the consulate. The procedure in question usually lasts up to 1,5 months.

     

    1. Polish evidence number (PESEL)

    A person holding the Polish birth certificate may obtain a Polish evidence number (PESEL).

    A person is provided with PESEL only during the passport procedure.

     

    1. Passports

    Please register your visit at the consulate via an appropriate IT system (https://www.e-konsulat.gov.pl). Only registered persons are served.

     

    4.1 Passport for an adult

     

    A person applying for a Polish passport should:

     

    1. lodge an application (available only at the consulate),
    2. in case a person applies for a first Polish passport – present ID, a document confirming that the applicant holds the Polish citizenship and submit the Polish birth certificate (and the Polish marriage certificate – if applicable, cf. point 3.2);
    3. in case a person applies for a subsequent Polish passport – the passport or Polish ID he/she currently holds (and the Polish marriage certificate if he/she changed the surname as a consequence of entering into a marriage)
    4.  submit a colour biometric photo,
    5. pay the consular fee (110 EUR, students and pensioners – 55 EUR; persons above the age of 70 years are exempt from the fee).

     Please note: We do not accept payments by card.

     

    The passport for a person above the age of 13 is valid for 10 years.

     

    Please note that the Polish law requires a renewal of the passport when the owners’ personal data (name, surname etc.) or physical appearance has changed.

     

    In order to collect the new passport a personal presence at the consulate is required. If the applicant holds already a Polish passport or temporary passport, this document must be cancelled during the visit.

     

    In justified cases – especially when the applicant lives far from Helsinki – there is a possibility to send the new passport on given address in Finland by post, provided that the applicant has fulfilled an appropriate application, paid 7,58 EUR (only by bank transfer) and sent back the former passport or temporary passport to the consulate in order to get it cancelled.

     

    Passports are usually delivered within 4-6 weeks from the day of lodging the application. For the time of awaiting the new document there is a possibility to obtain a temporary passport (for this purpose one more colour photo, consular fee of 15 EUR as well as filling additional passport application form are required).

     

    4.2. Passport for a minor

     

    An application for a passport for a minor is lodged personally by both parents. The presence of a minor above the age of 5 years is also required. It is possible to lodge the application by one of the parents provided that he/she presents an approval of the other parent for issuance of the passport to the child. The approval in question should contain the signature of the other parent whose authenticity was attested by the notary public or in a Maistraatti office.

     

    The passport for a minor below the age of 13 years is valid for 5 years, while a passport for a minor older than 13  – is valid for 10 years.

    The documents required are the same as in the case of a passport for an adult. The consular fee for a passport for a minor below the age of 13 is 35 EUR, for a minor older than 13 who attends a school – 55 EUR. 

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